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  • Why Watery Eyes?

Watery eyes occur when there is too much tear production or poor drainage of the tear duct. There are several reasons ranging from allergies to environmental irritants (wind, dust, etc) to infections as to why your eyes might water. The most common cause of excess tearing is dry eyes.

When the eyes are dry the body is stimulated to produce more tears. These tears are then supposed to drain through your tear ducts. However, the ducts can only drain a certain amount of tears at a time so the excess is spilt over the lid causing tearing. To fully diagnose and rid the culprit of your watery eyes contact your local optometrist for an evaluation. (reference: Hurwitz JJ. The lacrimal drainage system. In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:chap 12.)

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  • What is Color Blindness?

The term "color blind" is often used, but usually incorrectly. Only a very small number of people are completely unable to identify any colors. Color deficiency occurs when your ability to distinguish certain colors and shades is less than normal.

There are two major types. Red-green deficiency is by far the most common and results in the inability to distinguish certain shades of red and green. Blue-yellow deficiency is less common and affects the perception of blue and yellow colors. In very rare cases, color deficiency exists to an extent that no colors can be detected. This person sees all things in shades of black, white and gray.

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  • How Do You Know if You Have Glaucoma?

Unfortunately, glaucoma is a silent disease that usually does not cause any symptoms. As glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States, the best way to rule out glaucoma is to have yearly comprehensive eye examinations by your optometrist.

During the exam your doctor will perform such tests as measuring eye pressure, visual field testing and check for the integrity of the optic nerve. If these tests indicate that glaucoma might be developing, further testing such as laser imaging techniques and photography of the optic nerve can be performed. Once the diagnoses is established the doctor will set a treatment plan and maintain the best visual health through out the rest of your life.

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  • How Age Affects Eyes?

Just like the rest of your body your eyes are nourished with blood through blood vessels. As people age, they are more prone to diseases that can harm their vascular system, which in turn can cause damage to the eyes. Glaucoma, diabetic eye disease, hypertensive eye disease, and Macular Degeneration are all caused by poor circulation and are more common in older age groups.

Maintaining the overall health of your body will help keep your circulation strong and your eyes performing at their best. Another common condition in older age groups is cataracts. Most times cataracts are an age related issue, but they also can be caused by sustained exposure to ultra violet light or smoking. Smoke free life style and UV protection in eyeglasses can protect your eyes from premature cataracts.

Dry eyes are also more common in older adults. Currently there are many effective treatments for dry eyes which we utilize at our office.

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  • Can Glare Damage Your Eyes?

Glare is defined by a distracting source of light that is not coming from what you are focusing on. Excessive glare can make you uncomfortable by straining your eyes. While glare can be functionally disabling, it does not cause permanent damage to your eyes. At Family Eyecare of Roswell we have features available to help minimize glare while wearing glasses.

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Phone: 770.992.6789  •  Fax: 770.640.6789

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